String Of Pearls Plant Care | Senecio Rowleyanus Ultimate Guide

String Of Pearls Plant Care | Senecio Rowleyanus Ultimate Guide
String Of Pearls Plant Care | Senecio Rowleyanus Ultimate Guide

String of pearls plant the botanical name is Senecio Rowleyanus is the succulent that I am going to write about. This plant is a creeping beauty that every succulent lover love to have. 

Hello and welcome to all of you once again. Here in this article I am going to write in details about this beautiful trailing vine succulent the string of pearl plants. In this article I will cover the following points as usual. 

  • About String Of Pearls Plant.
  • Checks When Buying.
  • Soil Composition.
  • Transplantation.
  • Methods Of Propagation.
  • Watering Routine.
  • Growth Rate Information.
  • Placement And Sunlight.
  • String Of Pearls Care

About String Of Pearls Plant

String of pearl plant is a flowering succulent native to Southwest Africa and belongs to the family Asteraceae. The plant stem can grow few feet longer depending on the climate and region. The stem can not grow upright but instead it creep on the ground. The plant produces beads like green colour leaves that exactly resemble a string of valuable pearls. That is how it got the name due it's shape. The leaves can grow up to 1/4 inches if provided suitable conditions. The stem of this succulent can grow up to 3 feet or around 80 to 90 cm in length.

The leaves has a distinguished shape which has a tip on the outer edge of the plant. There is a thin dark green stripe or band made of tissue on the side of leaves also called "windows".  This feature not only make it look amazingly beautiful but has it's own purpose. This make the plant more suitable to the arid condition of desserts. As it reduces the amount of water loss due to evaporation and lessen the surface exposure to the hot sun rays. Hence the leaves can store enough water as compared to flattened leaves. 

Its tubular flowers bloom from fall to winter, and have an unusual shape and way of attaching to the plant. The round leaves and dainty vines stretch in all directions and dangle over the side of the pot, so you can take in the beauty of the String of Pearls as a hanging plant.

There are a variety of plants in this genus, so it can be quite interesting to try collecting different varieties. You can find such plants in dry regions of places like Africa, Madagascar, and Mexico.

The Senecio Rowleyanus plant is very suitable for indoor as well as outdoor growing and raising. The plant is used for decoration purposes and is normally grown in baskets or pots hanging on walls or somewhere suitable. It requires very less amount of water which can be almost once per month or when the soil dries out. The string of pearls plant can be grown above freezing point. It is considered as a very less care required plant.  

Checks When Buying

When buying the string of pearls plant make sure that the plant is healthy and fresh. Any seedling which has only few lifeless leaves is considerably weak and is more likely going through root rotting. Hence avoid the Senecio Rowleyanus in summer time if you are not sure whether the plant is in good health or not. 

Soil Composition

The string of pearls plant grows well in a good drainage soil like other succulents. You can grow your plant in a well drained sandy place. You can use either of the following mixtures to grow your succulent.

Composition No. 1

This is an easy and mostly used soil for growing plants. Here is what you need to do. You need two parts of common gardening soil and two parts of sand and mix them well with one to one and half part of pumice. Pumice will allow good aeration and drainage. 

Composition No. 2

This is another three ingredient mixture of soil that is made of 5 parts of small grain Akadama and 3 parts Kanuma soil and mix them well with two parts of mulch. You can put this well mixed soil over large grain Akadama at the lower part of bottom. 

Akadama is naturally found minerals in granular shape which is mostly used for bonsai trees. Kanuma is a Japanese soil which is used for growing many plants like Bonsai and succulents. Mulch is a decayed form of leaves, barks, straw and grass. Mulch increase the fertility of soil. 

When you transplant a succulent, add a layer of granular base fertilizer on top of the layer of gravel.


Transplantation is a very common term in succulents world. Almost all succulents requires transplantation, which means that require to be removed from old pot and planted in new pot with new and fresh soil. 

The transplantation here in the string of pearls plant is just as common as we have described in other articles. This most suitable time for transplanting Senecio Rowleyanus is Spring or fall time. 

Carefully pull out the plant from the old pot and remove almost 3/4 part of its old soil from within the roots. before doing so you will have prepared a new pot and fresh soil composition from one of the above method or any other that you think is more suitable and easily available to you, just keep in mind one thing to ensure the good drainage of water. Now you need to pour fresh soil in the pot and transplant the plant normally. 

Here is the transplantation period which shows you the best time for transplanting your succulent. In one year you can have two transplantation periods suitable to shift your plant to it's new home. The first one is between March and April and the second best period is between mid of September and end of October.

Important point to be noted. in case if you don't want to transplant your plant in one year or you missed the periods you can enhance the following measures to ensure the better health of the plant. Just add extra fertilizer in the month of April or you can add it in between the months of September and October. 

String Of Pearls Plant Care | Senecio Rowleyanus Ultimate Guide

String Of Pearls Propagation

There are two common methods of propagation when we talk about succulents.Those are leaf cutting and stem cutting. For large plants, you can also propagate through division. Can you grow string of pearls from a pearl? The answer is yes you can.

You can propagate this plant twice every year.  This first best time for propagation is between April and June where you can use all of the three described methods below to propagate. The second period of propagation is between September and November. All three methods can be applied for propagation in this period as well.

1. Leaf Cutting

First you remove a leaf from the fresh stem of Senecio Rowleyanus and then place it on the surface of dampened soil. The leave will get germinated and start rooting out fresh roots in 10 to 12 days. Wait until the plant has produced 5 or 6 leaves then its time to remove the plant from soil and transplant into pot. gently pull the plant from soil make sure the tiny and weak roots don't get damage. Then you can plant it by following the methods written above. 

2. Stem Cutting

From a mother plant select a fresh string and remove it by cutting it with sharp edge cutter. Now you can insert the stem of the cut piece of the string in to a pre-prepared pot with dampened mixture of soil that we have showed you in above method or any other that you may know. After you have done this wait for the string until it start roots. Normally it will take 10 to 12 days to start roots. When the plant is fully become rooted then you can start watering the new string of pearls plant as normal. 

3. Division Method

This method work for bigger and grown up plants where the roots have established completely and strongly. With more and stronger roots you can divide the plants stems into two halves and you can separate these two halves from one another along with the roots. From there you can grow them into separate pots or baskets.  Just make sure you don't damage the stem or roots. 

Watering Routine

String of pearls plant normally requires very little amount of water to survive. The plant stores lots of water in its leaves ans it can stay alive even in drought conditions with being watered for quite some time. However the plant has it's normal routine of watering which you must follow to ensure it stays fresh and healthy all the time. So here I am going to share with you a one year watering routine of the Senecio Rowleyanus plant. 

> This succulent requires very less amount of water and should be watered after every 15 to 20 days starting from the month of December. You can follow this watering routine until later half of February.

> After February the climate start changing and the weather start getting warmer here you can increase the watering frequency and can water the plant once in a weak or make sure to water the plant when the soil gets dry to ensure it does not get over watered. From the first half of March you can slowly increase watering and keep on increasing depending on the climate and temperature increase day by day. Make sure to water the plant in early morning or in the evening. Continue this routine till later half of June. 

> Starting from July till mid of September the plant watering should be less frequent. Make it around once every 15 days. This is because of high humidity in the month of August and September the plant don't require plenty of water as the evaporation process get slower.

> After the September has half passed the humidity start getting reducing day by day and from here the plant will need more water. Hence the watering can be increased as per requirement. This watering routine can be followed till later half of the November. If you don't know whether your succulent needs to be watered or not simply check the soil. If the soil is dried up you can water the plant as normal. 

Periodic Growth Rate Information

String of pearls plant have a variable growth rate through out the year. The plant grows well in the spring and early summer time as well as in the late summer. The growth rate gets slower in winter and hot and humid summer. Below are the season-wise figure to show how it grows in different seasons and months.

> As I have mentioned above the Senecio Rowleyanus plant grows considerably slowly in the winter and this period last from December until the end of February. 

> When the Springs starts the plant growth rate increases day by day and hence it grows faster from march until the early summer till the month of June. After that the weather start getting worse and the plant growth rate falls down due to high temperature and humidity. This last until first half of September. 

> Once the September is half passed the succulent gets into favorable condition and start growing faster. This will continue until the December has arrived where the temperature start falling down to Zero or even below. This plant is best above freezing point. Below freezing point it can not afford the harsh weather.   

Placement And Sunlight

String of pearls plant require only few hours of direct sunlight everyday which is enough for it growth. This plant has a special feature called "epidermal window" which allows sunlight to pass into the inner part of the leaves hence allowing more area to get covered by the light. this help greatly in achieving photosynthesis. The plant is good for both, indoor and out door growing. Below are the timing and placement for the succulent through out the year.

>  In winter season which is normally from December till February in most regions, this plant can be kept indoor but exposed to sunlight. This can be done by keeping the succulent in front of windows where the sunlight can easily get access to the plant and the temperature is also bit higher than out side. 

> Once the spring shows off, you can then take your beautiful succulent outdoor into the sun. Your plant can enjoy the outdoor summer adventure until end of June as from here i recommend to shift it to some shady place. A place that is partially shady where it can get some of the sunlight. make sure when the succulent is outdoor, keep it protected from rains and you definitely know why. 

> In September the hot sun rays and humidity can effect your plant badly and can make it weak. So partial shades are good in that times. Let it rest there until end of November. If you want you can bring the plant to full sunlight for sometime in this season but for sure not in the afternoon hot sun rays. 

> Once the December is started and you feel the first winter kiss on you face it's better to shift the string of pearls plant indoor. 

The plant can also stay outdoor in the winter above freezing temperature but it will slows down it's growth and entire health. 

Flowering Period

Spring of pearls succulent produces beautiful beautiful white flowers that have trumpet like yellow stamen's grouped in clusters. The plant will normally bloom in early summer but it can also bloom in early spring in adopted conditions. It requires stopping water in winter season and provide suitable temperature. One the favorable conditions meet the plant will flower in spring season. If the matching climate is not found in the winter the plant will bloom in early Summer.

String Of Pearls Plant Care | Senecio Rowleyanus Ultimate Guide 

String Of Pearls Care

Although this is a low maintenance plant yet There are few important steps you need to take when taking care of your string of pearls plant. 

> The plant requires quite some space to crawl as it can grow longer up to 3 feet. Hence make sure you provide enough space for the strings to creep of wall or trail on ground.

> The plant is very tolerant to drought conditions due to its water storing capability in the leaves. Watering however does not matter much to this plant. You can forget to water for few weeks without any problem. When watering the plant make sure that the soil is dried about one and half inches before giving water.

> Pruning is next important step as the plant grow long and occupy more space. Normally it is very easy job to do. Simply cut off the long and weak stems from the mother plant. Check out for the stems that have very few beads remaining on it and cut them off. Remove any dead stem or peals. 

The best way is to start pruning in propagation period and cut off more stems and propagate them in new pots. You can later on gift it to someone in your friends and family circles or even sell it out.

> String of pearls plant do not grow large or big roots as compared to it's stems. The roots are very shorts and can grow new roots faster. Never plant you string of beads plant in a big pot or basket. Bigger size of pot will keep the plant root wet for a long time which can lead into root rot.

> Do not plant your succulent too deep in the pot. If you plant crown is too deep and under the top edge of pot the plant can get rot as it will have not enough aeration. 

> You are advised to periodically check the bottom hole of the pot. Most of the time I have seen that the pot hole has chocked and drainage is halted. Make sure you open the drainage hole. If possible buy succulent with many holes in the bottom instead of one. 

>  If your plant has many dried out stems and beads and you don't know the reason behind it. I will tell you few things to follow. Either you are watering your plant too frequently which cause the root rot or your soil composition is not good. Which mean your soil is very thick and immediately need to be transplanted into fresh mixture of soil. Remember always use light mixed compost with garden soil. Other reason can be your succulent has been exposed to extreme hot or low temperature. Please follow the guidance described in the upper part of this post.

String of Pearls is robust and easy to grow, so in the spring or fall you can even admire your plant hanging from a tree or elsewhere outside. Your plant will survive being exposed to rain. String of Pearls plants are weak to hot and humid
conditions and will wilt, so if you live in an area with such summers, move your plant to a well-ventilated area in partial shade and be conservative when watering. 

> Keep the soil from staying hot and moist to prevent fungus from growing and causing root rot. String of Pearls is relatively strong against the cold, so if you just water the plant less frequently in winter it can even withstand the damage caused by frost.

Spring Of Peals Toxicity

In spite of the fact that this is so catchy and beautiful to own at home yet there is a not so good news about it especially if you have pets or toddlers in home. It is advised to keep the kids and any animals or pets away from the string of pearls plant.

This plant is found toxic to human and pets. It is some how poisonous and must not be consumed. If ingested by human it can cause illness including vomiting and diarrhea. In severe cases any contact with the plant can cause skin problem like rashes and other skin irritations in human. In animals the ingestion of the plant will cause almost same effects as in human. 
String Of Pearls Plant Care | Senecio Rowleyanus Ultimate Guide String Of Pearls Plant Care | Senecio Rowleyanus Ultimate Guide Reviewed by MeeKhanuu on 4:32 AM Rating: 5

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