Growing And Caring Tips Graptopetalum-Francesco Baldi | Succulent Farmer

Growing And Caring Tips Graptopetalum-Francesco Baldi | Succulent Farmer

Hello and welcome to this brand new article about such an amazing, beautiful and eye catching succulent known as Graptopetalum-Francesco Baldi. The succulent brings charm with it and is normally very easy to grow in the house. 

I will Cover the following bullet points regarding this beautiful succulent.

  • Characteristics
  • Preparing soil
  • Transplantation
  • Cultivation
  • Watering
  • Sunlight & Placement
  • Growing and Care tips

Characteristics Of Graptopetalum

This is a spring/fall type plant belongs to Crassulaceae family and have about 19 species. These succulents are mostly found in Mexico and Arizona. 
Graptopetalum varieties that have been crossbred with genera like Echeveria or Sedum are quite popular. Francesco Baldi is one such hybrid. The thick leaves of this Baldi form narrow elliptical shapes, and as the plant grows, its stem gradually lengthens. This plant is robust and easy to grow, and can even survive through spells of rain during its growing season; however, if it appears the rain will continue for a while, you should move the plant under the eaves.

Soil Preparation For Graptopetalum

The soil preparation and composition is almost same for growing all types of succulents and cactus. Different farmer and nursery owner use their own modified methods and compositions. How I will describe here the most common ways of preparing the soil for grow this plant. 

Composition No.1:

This is the one I use normally and I have found it very nice. You need these ingredients that you will mix in proportion I am going to tell you. Small grain Akadama, Kanuma Soil, Mulch. Take 5 parts of small grain akadama and mix it with 3 parts of kanuma soil and 2 parts of mulch. Now mix these 3 parts well and your soil is ready to host its first Graptopetalum succulent plant. 

You will need to put a layer of large grain akadama or pumice at the bottom of the pot to ensure quick and easy draining of water. The mulch work as a rich compost of organic mixtures like leaves, barks and grasses. 

Composition No.2:

This method is way simple and easy to compose the soil. You will need to have sand, garden soil and pumice or perlite. Mix 4 parts of garden soil with 2 parts of sand and 1 to 1.5 parts of pumice or perlite to create a soft and light mixture. You can also add 1 part of mulch or any other compost to make it more fertile which I will recommend you to do so if possible.

Now again you will add a layer of some large stones like akadama or else put some fertilizer on it and pour your mixture of soil. 

Transplantation Method

Transplantation method is same for all succulents. First you need to pull out the succulent gently by holding from lower part of the stem. Make sure you don't break them stem apart. Its better to water the plant before pulling out. Now remove the dark roots as this is a clear sign of rot. Also remove the old soil from withing the roots. 

Now I assume that you have already kept one pot ready for transplantation, put the plant in the pot and pour the new soil until near top. It is advised to slightly dampen the soil before adding into the pot. After all is done tap the pot with the floor slowly and then place it in shady place to take new roots.

For every succulent it is normally advised to transplant to a new pot once every year. You will have this opportunity two time once every year. You can transplant it either in the month of March until end of April or You can do the same in between September and first half of October. 

By any reason if you were not possible to transplant your succulent in the said time window, you can continue with the old pot But add some fertilizer to it. Give some fertilizer in the said time period otherwise the soil will not have enough nutrients to feed the plant. 

How To Propagate Graptopetalum-Francesco Baldi

There are numerous ways of propagating succulents. Most common of these are leaf cutting, stem cutting, offset method, division, seeds planting etc. Graptopetalum succulent can be propagated by leaf cutting, stem cutting. 

Leaf Cutting

This is a very simple method of propagating the succulents. Take a fresh leaf from the plant and place it on a dampened soil. After 10 days the leaf will start rooting and sprout. When this newly born plant has produced 4 or 5 leaves, pulling it from the soil while taking care not to damage the new soft roots and transplant it into a new pot.

Stem Cutting

This plant's stem can grow long and on right time you can cut the stem and grow them to become and independent plant. Take a blade and cut the log stem along with leaves. Now let the cut end of the stem get dry for about a week and then plant it in a previously ready pot. During the first half month until the plant takes root, keep the soil constantly damp and leave the plant in partial shade. After the plant has taken root, you can care for it as usual.

The propagation is best to do it the right period through out the year. You will have two propagation periods in a year. You can either propagate in between March and June by using leaf or stem cutting or you can do the same in between September and December. 

Watering Routine

watering the succulents is serious topic and need good care and routine while watering them as they require very little amount of water. As you all know over-watering will damage the plant root and will eventually die.

Graptopetalum has almost similar routine to the other succulents when it comes to watering. This plant is spring/fall type which mean it grows well in this period and bloom flowers in spring. It will bear greenish yellow flowers which are very attractive and beautiful. 

In the winter season the growth slows down and the utilization of water is reduced. The other reason of this is the minimum evaporation during winter so it is advised to water less frequently. You can water once every 15 to 20 days from December until first half of March. 

As the spring begins the plant now requires more water, so the watering frequency must be increased slowly until it reaches once every week. You can also water when the soil get dry completely. Carry on the same routine till the end of June. 

At the start of July the plant requires less watering due to its slow growing rate. The watering can be reduced during this time and the frequency cab be set as once every 10 days. Follow this routine until the mid of September. 

From mid of September when the humidity is at highest the plant will require frequent watering and a well ventilated place. The watering can increased to once every 3 or 4 days. 

Sunlight And Placement

Graptopetalum is good with sunlight and can grow well in the sun. However there is a sunlight and indoor and outdoor placement routine, if followed properly the plant will grow significantly good. Below is the yearly routine for this plant.

Winter is a slow growth time for this plant and hence be kept indoor next to window where sunlight can easily pass to it. 

At the beginning of spring bring your succulent to outdoor adventure where it can grow fast and bear new branches and leaves. Keep it under sunlight but sheltered from regular rains. 

Once June is over and July takes over, its time to bring your succulent to the shady place where it can get partial sun light during its slow growing period. 

The slow growing period will get over in mid of September and the plant will now require full sunlight and must be kept under sunlight. This succulent will flower at the beginning of March till end of may. 

Growing And Caring Tips

This species is very robust and can be easily propagated. During its growing season, place your succulent in a sunny place outside and expose it to direct sunlight. 

When the top soil gets dry, wait about 3–4 days, and then give the plant lots of water until it streams out of the hole in the bottom of the pot. This replaces the air in the soil inside the pot and is good for the roots. However, be careful not to water the plant too much or place it in an area with poor ventilation, as this can cause root rot from fungus.

In some cases the plant stem grow very long and become weak. The stem of this variety grows easily, so you should cut the stem in the middle and replant the top part. Cut off the upper part of the stem with the leaves, let the cut end dry for about a week, and then insert the stem into damp soil. If you continue to grow the remaining lower segment of the stem, it will soon produce axillary buds, and you can propagate it.

No plant can survive without water. Even though succulents store water inside themselves, they still require a certain amount of help from the outside. To grow a healthy succulent, it’s important to learn its specific needs and the best techniques for watering it.

The basic rule for watering is to give lots of water about 3–4 days after the surface of the soil has dried during the plant’s growth period. Pour water into the top of the pot until it flows out the hole in the bottom. When the plant begins growing more slowly, water it less frequently, and when it goes dormant, stop watering altogether.

Even if the surface of the soil is dry, you won’t know how wet the soil is deeper down, so insert a skewer into the soil and occasionally pull it out to check the level of moisture. You can apply these tips of your graptopetalum succulent as these are general tips and work for almost every succulent. 

If sunlight hits places where water is gathered between the leaves, the drops of water can act like a lens and cause sunburn. If water droplets form, blow them away with a dust blower designed for cameras.

Make sure to check the bottom hole periodically for blockage. If it is blocked open it. 

The best time for watering is either in the morning or evening. Do not water in afternoon or when the soil and plant both are heated up. This will cause the plant to shrink and weak. 

If you live where winter means frequent rainstorms and freezing
temperatures, shelter your container-grown succulents whenever the weather turns cold and wet. During the plants’ winter rest (dormancy), keep them below 60 degrees F, because many need cool winter temperatures in order to flower in spring.

Growing And Caring Tips Graptopetalum-Francesco Baldi | Succulent Farmer Growing And Caring Tips Graptopetalum-Francesco Baldi | Succulent Farmer Reviewed by MeeKhanuu on 7:13 AM Rating: 5

1 comment:

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