Types Of Echeveria | Growing And Caring Guide

Types Of Echeveria |  Growing And Caring Guide

Growing & Caring Tips For Various Types Of Echeveria

Here you will find the growing and caring tips for different types of echeveria plants like echeveria elegans and echeveria rosularis. Almost all types of echeveria follow the tips for growth and care.

Most people who love keeping succulent in their homes have many things in common. Many succulent lovers like the one echeveria, like to have type of succulents that are very hardy to weather drastic conditions, Those can grow well while requiring very less care and routine. That does not drink too much water, in that case the plant can be left alone at home while the owner can go on tour for some days without having the fear that the succulent will die. Echeveria is one of the type that fit in the above criteria. 

Acheveria genus have some beautiful succulent which are very famous for their special characteristics. In this article I will be covering these following bullet prints so that you can have better knowledge of this succulent. 
  • Characteristics of Echeveria.
  • Soil composition for planting.
  • How to transplant to another pot.
  • Methods of propagation.
  • Echeveria Watering Routine.
  • Sunlight & Placement.
  • Growth Cycle.
  • Flowering Period.

Characteristics Of Echeveria

Most types of echeveria succulents are mostly from Central America and Mexico which mean they don't grow will in cold weather. At real low temperature the plant can be dead if not protected. Plants of the Echeveria genus are popular among succulents for their abundance of varieties and colors and for the rosette shape formed by their leaves. 

If Echeveria Rosularis and Echeveria Elegans are exposed to plenty of sunlight during fall and winter, the pigment in the leaves becomes more concentrated with the arrival of cold temperatures, and the plant becomes vividly beautiful.

Soil Composition Requirements

Soil composition for growing echeveria plant is a mixture of Akadama grains, Kanuma soil, Mulch. Mix 5 parts small-grain Akadama, 3 parts Kanuma soil, and 2 parts mulch for a ratio that has good drainage, water retention, and breath-ability. Add a layer of gravel like large-grain Akadama or pumice to the bottom of the pot. When you transplant a succulent, add a layer of granular base fertilizer on top of the layer of gravel.

How To Transplant Echeveria

First, pull out the plant and check it over. Remove any darkened roots and massage
out the old soil. Spread the roots apart, taking care not to damage them, and add in
the fresh soil mix. Pour in the slightly dampened new soil. When you have finished transplanting, lightly tap the pot to level the soil and place the plant in partial shade to take root. Follow the exact method for types of echeveria plants to transplant. 

How To Propagate Echeveria

In spring and fall, you can take leaf cuttings and stem cuttings. To propagate from a
leaf cutting, simply remove the whole leaf from the stem and place it on top of a
previously prepared pot of soil to let a new plant take root and sprout. To
propagate from a stem cutting, cut off a branch from the main stem, let the cut end
dry, and insert the cutting into the soil.

Leaf Cutting:

Place the leaf you removed from the succulent stem on the surface of dampened
soil, and after about 10 days the leaf will begin to take root and sprout. When your
new plant has grown 4 or 5 leaves, pull it from the soil, taking care not to injure the
roots, and transplant it.

Stem Cutting:

Let the cut end of the branch dry out for 4–5 days, and then insert the branch into
soil. During the first half month until the plant takes root, keep the soil constantly
damp and leave the plant in partial shade. After the plant has taken root, you can
care for it as usual.

Offset Method:

Echeveria plant produces small baby plants also called offsets next to the mother echeveria. These baby plants can be easily removed and planted in separate container to grow as a stand alone mature echeveria.  

These three methods of propagation works on all types of echeveria plants.

Types Of Echeveria |  Growing And Caring Guide
Types Of Echeveria |  Growing And Caring Guide

Echeveria Watering Routine

Echeveria plant is hardy to warm weather and store lots of water in its leaves, therefore it requires very less water in winter conditions however in summer times it requires lots of water. You should follow this routine through out the year.

> Starting from December till Mid of March the succulent should be supplied with very little amount of water in this period. This should be as less as once every 15 days. 

> Starting from later half of March till end of June the echeveria will requires lots of water as because of hot weather the soil of the pot will get dry very soon. You should supply frequent water when the soil get dry after every 3 to 4 days. The better time to give water is in the morning or evening and must be given lots of water at once.

> Starting from July till mid of September the plant requires less amount of water so again the watering amount and frequency should be reduced. You should water after every 15 days in this period.

> From mid of September till end of November the succulent again requires lots of water so the watering amount and frequency should be increased again. You should water after every 3 to 4 days or when the soil get dry. 

> Do not water the plant in hot weather in in day time as watering in day time in full sunshine can leave the soil soggy and water will become hot. If this happens the roots will rot soon and the plant will become saggy and shrinky. In this case you should take the plant indoor and remove the water from the pot. Keep checking from time to time if the plant start recovering or not. Best time for watering in summer time is early morning or in the evening to avoid such thing happening to your precious and loved succulents. 

> Remember almost all types of echeveria plants require the same routine and care tips. 

Sunlight And Placement

These plant grows better when you follow the designed routing for Placement and sunlight. Below is the routine of sunlight and placement which you should follow if you want your succulent to grow better and remain healthy.

> From December until mid of March echeveria plant requires indoor light and grow better. You should place your succulent indoor like next to window.

> From mid march until end of June the plant should be placed in Sun. Remember you must avoid the plant from rains and give proper shelter from. 

> From July until mid of September the plant should be kept in partial shades but again here make sure these plants are sheltered from rain. One time rain have no effect but regular raining can damage the plant roots and it can eventually die.

> From mid of September bring back you succulent into sun and keep it in the sun until end of November where should take it back to the window side.   

Growth Cycle Of Echeveria

Growth rate of echeveria family is varied throughout the year.  Follow the below points to make sure your echeveria succulent growth rate is optimum throughout the year.

Ø  > Growth rate of echeveria plant is considerably slow in the months of starting from December till mid of March. These types of succulents are not so hard against the cold weather so you will experience slow growing in the winter.

Ø  > The plant start growing faster from mid of March and increases this rate until the end of June where the decline in growth is observed once again.

Ø  > From July till mid of September the plant grows slowly once again as seen in the first half of the year.

Ø  > From min of September the growth rate starts increasing and kept increasing. This high growth rate starts declining by the end of November where the cold weather once again minimize the growth of the succulent.

Flowering Period

The flowering in this family starts in different periods of the years depending on the type of echeveria you have at your home. Here will take example of two famous members of the echeveria family, Echeveria Elegans and Echeveria Rosularis.

Ø  > The flowering period of Echeveria Elegans starts in the month of April and this flowering period remain till the end of May.

Ø  > Unlike Elegans the Echeveria Rosularis produce flowers in the later part of the year. The flowering period in this plant starts from November and remains till ends of December.

Points To Remember When Growing Echeveria

If you have Echeveria in your house or you are planning to have one, you must follow through these points. If you want your plant to be in good health just pay attention to the below paragraphs.

If you expose your plant to enough sunlight during the spring and fall periods of
growth, it will grow with its leaves packed tightly together. You usually keep these
plants dry under the eaves, but if you occasionally set one out and expose it to the
rain, it won’t be an issue. 

These are robust plants, but long spells of rain or over watering will cause root rot. In summer, move your plant into partial shade and water it less frequently. On winter days that are cold enough for ice to form, move the plant into a sunny area indoors to prevent freezing.

Succulents require transplantation once every year. It is advised that you should change the pot upon the completion of year and put it to the new pot. The method described above for transplantation should be followed to make sure the succulent is intact and stay safe. 

If in some cases the succulent can not be transplanted upon completion of one year, then you should add extra amount of fertilizer to the pot to keep the plant healthy.

Types Of Echeveria |  Growing And Caring Guide
Types Of Echeveria |  Growing And Caring Guide

Care Tips For Echeveria 

All types of echeveria are spring/fall types succulent that grows to their best in spring and autumn. The plant achieve it's best colour in fall and looks amazing in that season. In winter time the plant become inactive and the lower leaves on the stem become dead or dry. The dry leaves fold towards the stem and cover it to protect it from cold low temperature.These dead leaves should be removed in spring period only. 

A variation of temperature is required to grow echeveria well. Ideally in day time temperature should not exceed 24 degree Celsius and at night time the plant requires temperature ideal temperature between 5 to 15 degree Celsius. 

While taking some care tips to keep your plant healthy and fresh, make sure you turn the pot in the sun light from time to time so that all part of the succulent get exposed to the light and keep balance for better growing. 

Echeveria grows best in calculated amount of light and time. the plant must be exposed to sun light for given time period of 2 to 3 hours in summer times when the sun burns hot.  

Echeveria plant is mostly found clinged to rock or cliffs in most part of Mexico and central America. The plant has more than 150 species. Every day new species have been found by cross cultivation of different family members.  These plants love to grow in dessert conditions But they can also be planted in humid condition if the proper watering period is follow and maintained e.g. water when the pot soil get dry.

If you are planning to keep echeveria plant indoor instead of keep it in dry and sun light, you must plant it in simple clay pot which have no glaze on it. An unglazed clay pot will ensure the drainage of water quickly by evaporation. 

All the information provided here in this article is the author detailed study about these plants and years of experience. These information may slightly vary from other you will find on internet but that is acceptable tolerance which is all fine. 

Types Of Echeveria

Here are some very famous and liked echeveria succulents by the people all across the world. 

1. Echeveria Rosularis.
2. Echeveria Elegans.
3. Echeveria Momotarou.
4. Echeveria Agavoides - Red Ebony
5. Echeveria Runyunii - Topsy Turvy.
6. Echeveria Veriegata - Hanaikada.
7. Echeveria Laui.
8. Echeveria Affinis. 
9. Echeveria Afterglow
10. Echeveria Agavoides - Lemaire
11. Echeveria Atlantis
12. Echeveria Azulita
13. Echeveria Barbie Doll
14. Echeveria Black Prince
15. Echeveria Lilacina
16. Echeveria Elagans Blue
17. Echeveria Imbricata
18. Echeveria Setosa
20. Echeveria Peacockii
21. Echeveria Acutifolia
22. Echeveria Australis 
23. Acheveria Bakeri
24. Echeveria Ballsii
25. Echeveria Purpusorum
26. Echeveria Rosea
27. Echeveria Humilis
28. Echeveria Racemosa
29. Echeveria Sessiliflora
30. Echeveria Claycosa

Types Of Echeveria | Growing And Caring Guide Types Of Echeveria |  Growing And Caring Guide Reviewed by MeeKhanuu on 12:57 AM Rating: 5

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